Its leaves are dark green on top and silver-gray on the underside, lance-shaped or elliptic, with entire, wavy margins. Author: Sharifian-Nejad, Mohammad Sadegh; Shekarchizadeh, Hajar Source: International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.124 pp. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Conservation Services Division. April 1999. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive or oleaster is native to Europe and Asia. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. As of 2020, it is widely established in North America as an introduced species. John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. Autumn olive is an introduced, fast-growing woody shrub in the Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster) family. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) was introduced to North America as an ornamental shrub and as a windbreak plant in the late 1800s. orientalis (L.) Kuntze, Elaeagnus hortensis M. Bieb, Elaeagnus The nitrogen-fixing capabilities of these species can interfere with the nitrogen cycle of nativ… Russian olive may also escape from cultivation, but so far is less common. Online Resources. National Botanical Services, Ottawa, ON, Canada. It was introduced to North America in the early 1900s as a landscaping tree because it was thought to be useful as a windbreak, soil stabilizer, and habitat provider. Growth habit: Fast growing and invasive. 2000. In New England, autumn olive has escaped from cultivation and is progressively invading natural areas. Russian olive is a deciduous tree with narrow silver leaves, clustered greenish-yellow fruits, and shaggy bark. It can … Although Elaeagnus angustifolia is not considered to be invasive in New England at this time, in the western part of the United States it is considered invasive as well as a noxious weed in some states. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org, State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. A better form of Elaeagnus would be Elaeagnus pungens, which has broad evergreen foliage. Woody Invasives of the Great Lakes Collaborative. Madison, Wisconsin. Randall, and M.C. University of Pennsylvania. When people and animals leave the roots behind they repeatedly re-sprout and keep spreading. This invasive plant can be identified by silver scales that cover new stems, leaves, flowers, and fruit. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. ARS. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Keywords: Plant Guide, Russian olive, Elaeagnus angustifolia L., small tree, non-native, invasive Native to southern Europe and western Asia, Elaeagnus angustifolia is commonly found growing along floodplains, riverbanks, stream courses, marshes, and irrigation ditches Seedlings are tolerant of shade and the plant thrives in a variety of soil and moisture conditions, including bare mineral substrates.E. WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States, West Virginia Invasive Species Strategic Plan and Volunteer Guidelines 2014, West Virginia Native Plant Society, Flora West Virginia Project, and West Virginia Curatorial Database System, September 3, 1999, Wisconsin's Invasive species rule – NR 40, Weed Science Society of America Common Names List, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Cooperative Extension. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. It is native to temperate Eurasia but has become especially invasive in riverine areas in the western USA, and is increasingly common in areas already invaded by exotic saltcedars (Tamarix spp… It is a particular threat to open and semi-open areas. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata; invasive) grows to be 20 feet tall. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, and parts of Pakistan. Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada). It is a small, usually thorny, deciduous tree or large shrub that is typically grown for its silvery foliage, small fragrant yellow flowers, olive-like fruit and ease of cultivation. Noxious Weed Program. It grows especially well in riparian situations and has been documented as out-competing the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Although Elaeagnus angustifolia is not considered to be invasive in New England at this time, in the western part of the United States it is considered invasive as well as a noxious weed in some states. 1994. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) This plant is invasive in the following regions: CV Central Valley; DT Desert; NC North and Central Coast; SC South Coast; Map of regions (click to enlarge) Description. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Reichard, Sarah. Colorado Department of Agriculture. University of California. ; Non-native bush honeysuckles, Lonicera spp. Google. Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Moderate Threat. Also, several Asiatic species of Elaeagnus have become established as introduced species in North America, with some of these species being considered invasive, or even designated as noxious, in portions of the United States. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. GRIN-Global. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. The currently accepted name for Russian-olive is Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) [46,51,74,87,93,94,98,107,161,194,197,198]. 4 pp. The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum. (invasive) – leaves are arranged opposite each other along the twigs and they do not have silvery scales on leaves or twigs. USDA. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Wisconsin Dept. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. var. E. angustifolia can also alter nutrient cycling and system hydrology by spreading throughout woodlands, c… Weed Research and Information Center. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Not a true olive, it is a native of Asia, and its large, speckled, yellow or reddish-brown berries appeal only marginally to birds and small mammals. Hoshovsky (Editors). NAME OF SPECIES: Elaeagnus angustifolia L.. Synonyms: Elaeagnus angustifolia var. Elizabeth Brusati, project manager California Invasive Plant Council 1442A Walnut St. #462, Berkeley, CA 94709 510-843-3902 edbrusati@cal-ipc.org Zouhar, K. 2005. ... "Russian-olive: Elaeagnus angustifolia (Rhamnales: Elaeagnaceae ): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States." Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA Forest Service, USDA Identification Technology Program, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture E. angustifolia can invade both open upland and riparian bottomland (marshland and other wetland) communities, alter the course of plant succession, and ultimately result in lowered levels of native plant and animal diversity. In online book: Bossard, C.C., J.M. Indiana Invasive Species Council - Invasive Plant List, Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Oleaster Family – Elaeagnaceae. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) can be a small shrub or tree depending on the amount of time it has been growing undisturbed. 102pp. Also included is how to report sightings of this invasive plant. Invasive to Avoid: Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) Russian olive is a perennial deciduous tree native to Europe and Asia. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. 1997. moniifera) and the exotic Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.). 2003. Elaeagnus angustifolia. Elaeagnus angustifolia NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. APWG WeedUS Database Miller, J.H. Used extensively for wildlife habitat, strip mine revegetation, and shelter belts, autumn olive thrives in disturbed areas open to full sun. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Russian Olive. This deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub or single trunked tree can grow to 20’ or more in height. According to Vines [ 191 ] and Weber and Wittman [ 197 ], several varieties of Russian-olive are known in cultivation, and differ primarily in leaf size and shape [ 191 ]. Russian olive, or Elaeagnus angustifolia, is native to Europe.On other continents, it is reported as an invasive species since it crowds native vegetation out.. 14. It grows especially well in riparian situations and has been documented as out-competing the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Although Elaeagnus angustifolia is not considered to be invasive in New England at this time, in the western part of the United States it is considered invasive as well as a noxious weed in some states. It takes over streambanks, lakeshores and prairies, choking out native vegetation. 2003. See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands - Elaeagnus angustifolia Center for Environmental Research and Conservation. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a form of eleagnus, but it is often considered an invasive plant in most states other than in the south, where it can struggle to grow well. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants. It negatively impacts natural areas by creating dense, monotypic stands that outcompete native vegetation, modifying vegetation structure, and displacing native wildlife. Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian-olive) grows as a tree or shrub (family Elaeagnaceae) and is found in disturbed, seasonally moist places, generally below 5,000 feet (1500 m) elevation. Cooperative Extension. Most commonly Russian olive is a woody shrub, but is capable of reaching heights of 20 feet. E. angustifolia, the Russian olive, is one of several species of Elaeagnus that has proven invasive. Elaeagnus angustifolia. Common Name: Autumn Olive Scientific Name: Elaeagnus umbellata (Thunb.) General Information Scientific name: Elaeagnus angustifoliaPronunciation: eel-ee-AG-nus an-gus-tih-FOLE-ee-uhCommon name(s): Russian olive, oleasterFamily: ElaeagnaceaeUSDA hardiness zones: 3A through 8B (Fig. Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. Conservation Biology 9:1169-1175. angustifolia can withstand competition from other shrubs and trees and can spread vegetatively by … University of Maine. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) Plant Guide Subject: Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) is a large, thorny, perennial deciduous tree or small shrub that usually grows 10 to 25 feet tall. Both autumn olive and Russian olive tolerate poor soil conditions and may alter the processes of natural succession. Maryland Department of Natural Resources Policy: Restriction on Planting Exotic Invasive Plants, National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Exotic Plant Management Team Invasive Plant List, New Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team 2017 Invasive Species List, Non-Native Invasive Plants of Arlington County, Virginia, Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Invasive Plants. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Russian Olive, Fact Sheet: Russian Olive (Aug 2015) (PDF | 850 KB), Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands -, Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands, Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 7 - Autumn-Olive and Russian-Olive (PDF | 213 KB), Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Russian Olive and Autumn Olive (PDF | 223 KB), Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States: Russian-olive (2013) (PDF | 217 KB), Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Autumn Olive and Russian Olive (Nov 2011) (PDF | 164 KB), Introduced Species Summary Project - Russian Olive, Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast - Russian Olive, Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Autumn Olive / Russian Olive. It displaces native plants by creating dense shade, altering soil chemistry, and interfering with natural plant succession. orientalis (L.) Kuntze: Classification. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation. Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. Cooperative Extension. See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive plants in Pennsylvania Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio's Forests: Autumn Olive ( Eleagnus umbellata ) and Russian Olive ( Eleagnus angustifolia ) (Feb 2012) Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is invasive in California. University of Nebraska - Lincoln. It is a non-native, invasive species. Columbia University. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994. It grows especially well in riparian situations and has been documented as out-competing the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas, City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation. 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